Dhaka city dwellers, following an unsystematic urban sprawl, are deprived of basic urban amenities where water supply has appeared as the most critical issue. To address the existing problems of water demand and supply, and to draw future scenarios, the current study has employed both qualitative and quantitative research techniques.
The authors begin by introducing the problem of water scarcity, citing water as a right and indispensable socioeconomic good. The aims and objectives are discussed followed by the methodology and projections. The issue of water supply is also raised, providing details on both surface and groundwater resources.
Furthermore, the authors shed light on the water production system, current demand, depletion, reasons, and potential solutions. The future of demand is also discussed, citing three scenarios, one obscure, the second enigmatic and the third utopian. Finally, challenges preventing access to water are mentioned, including inequality, the quality of supplied water, water-related diseases, water as business and the role donors play in this scenario. The report ends with a number of conclusions and recommendations, some of which are:
raising awareness is key to reducing the misuse of water
efficient human resources and alternative sources of water might fulfill demand
implementation of a rights-based approach in water production and supply is also key
devising and implementing pro-poor water policies, taking climate change, future urban growth, and consumer water demand and preference, into consideration is imperative